Private golf courses... Tax them. Tax them hard, Fine them big and hard for dumping bulk phosphorus and pesticides into our local waterways (The Charles especially). Golf is water pollution. Bill them for the copious amount of water they take and return as poison. Restore the wetlands they bastardized for 'living' astroturf. Yeah, and turn the clubhouses into community centers. The rest can be optimized for much needed natural carbon re-capture.
Golf needs to go away. It's really backward in a lot of ways. It just is. It's the perfect exhibit of how tone-deaf one powerful slice of the population can be in the face of vast contrary public perception, known science, and their place in society. It is the worst example of an outward air of entitlement.
Sorry, but golfers can find another less destructive hobby. As a group they're a universal comically justified stereotype: very thin-skinned, short tempered and aren't used to hearing no or even being questioned, so they will likely get all snowflakey and act all victimish. It's really sad.
I have often compared golfers to heroin addicts. Both selfishly sacrifice everything -- friends, family, time and lots of money in the destructive pursuit of a temporary high. They both have specialized "gear" that helps them 'do it' better and they don't want anyone to touch their stuff. They don't seem able to stop the madness. They both start hanging with a bad crowd. They all end up debased and helpless at the feet of the master they created.
I never started because I didn't want to be like them. Really. I think their passion for walking with a stick and small balls is scary and depressing.
And yes. For everything they are, in abusive land use, pollution belching, class-ire stoking braggadocio, and as enclave of exclusive entitlement, there are way too many golf courses... for this moment in history and for the foreseeable future.