We did end up with 1 of those things, slightly modified.
Chicago ...Wasn't there a small tower with the same style in Chicago or NYC recently demolished (last 2-3 years)? Same architect?
Looks like a plate taken from Audubon's Field Guide to Deep Sea Sponges.
The routes are from the Master Highway Plan - 1948 - For The Metropolitan Boston Area. I've known about it since about 1971, and downloaded it a few years ago from https://archive.org/details/masterhighwaypla00char/mode/2upWhat exactly is this based on? I've never seen these routes before.
The reason the first plan avoided the rail lines was that wartime nationalization was still in effect until about 1950, meaning any purely state-level plan had to be extra-choosy about engaging civil defense infrastructure. Hence, neighborhoods and parks deemed super-duper expendable by planners and private railroads that (re-)began actively imploding the second fed subsidy got lifted that were not. That's how you get something like the extremely different Southeast Expressway routing; East Milton Sq. to Granite Ave. was the NYNH&H Milton Branch...carving a loop off the Old Colony mainline from north of North Quincy Station to south of Quincy Adams (the unused West Quincy Industrial Track behind Home Depot the last vestige of it still standing). That served what was left of the Quincy granite quarries...a total dead-man-walking industry by the '40s on a wholly redundant alt route ripe for the taking...but the planners had to stay hands-off of it until fed civil defense controls were relaxed.The routes are from the Master Highway Plan - 1948 - For The Metropolitan Boston Area. I've known about it since about 1971, and downloaded it a few years ago from https://archive.org/details/masterhighwaypla00char/mode/2up
It's a fascinating read. This was the first comprehensive expressway system proposed for the metropolitan Boston Expressway system. From 1948 to 1956 isn't a long time, but the routes changed dramatically, especially I-93 north through Medford and Stoneham, the (unbuilt) Northwest Expressway (Route 2 through Cambridge), and the (unbuilt) Inner Belt Expressway. The final expressway routes planned by 1969 were far superior to these 1948 routes in my opinion. The 1969 routes tried to avoid neighborhoods as much as possible, whereas the 1948 routes plowed straight through the middle of many of them.
The 1948 routes were shaped by a different time in which heavy industry and railroad lines and yards were dominant, and thus were pretty much avoided by the 1948 routes; probably a legacy from WW II in which the nation was heavily dependant on these. By 1969, the planned expressway routes were shifted over to the declining railroad yards and industrial properties.
The irony of these many expressway plans and designs over a 3 decade span was that only a fraction of them actually got built. I regret that in some ways, looking at the gridlock we deal with today (COVID-19 reduced traffic aside, of course). But metro Boston would have been far more sprawling with a decimated core if all of these had been built. So I can see both sides.
That document is a gold mine. The opening paragraph of page 96 says it all for me:It's a fascinating read.
Here's a link the Metropolitan Transit Recess Commission doc: https://archive.org/details/reportofmetropol00mass_1/page/14/mode/2up. Clearly the transit and highway plans were made to complement each other to some degree.A comprehensive plan for improvement of the transit system is contained in the two reports by the Metropolitan Transit Recess Commission dated April 1945 and April 1947. It is assumed that this program, in essential the form and to the extend recommended, will be carried out. If rapid transit facilities are not extended and improved, the system of expressways recommended will be inadequate to handle the volumes of traffic that will be generated in the outer and rapidly growing portions of the metropolitan district.
lots of left lane entrances and exits on the highways around hartford from the unbuilt sections, which are awful. but it did bring some interesting stuff like the 4 stack interchange with half of the ramps unusedYou know...like this utterly insane Greater Hartford planning map from 1963 just screams "PANIC!" at the top of its lungs rather than represent something even anyone at the time thought could coherently function.
But Connecticut was the epicenter of NYNH&H's collapse. It had the rail monopoly in the state, was so bankrupt it couldn't repair any of its washouts from the 1955 hurricanes that shredded in-state movements, and the state couldn't do anything about it because that was all behind a federal paywall. So this is what the ConnDOT map started looking like when they were grasping at straws at an imminent future of total modal singularity. And the roads infamously don't work at all today because planning became contingent on most/all of those spurs being built in total hands-joining tandem to keep the spines above water. "Pull a Conrail 20 years early" definitely would've changed CT's trajectory to present, maybe to more unrecognizable degree than MA. But, alas, that's "Earth Three" alternate universes for you. . .
For whatever reason, Connecticut was huge into left-hand expressway exits and complex interchanges in the 60's and 70's. Unlike Massachusetts, which pretty much stayed with traditional cloverleaf interchanges.lots of left lane entrances and exits on the highways around hartford from the unbuilt sections, which are awful. but it did bring some interesting stuff like the 4 stack interchange with half of the ramps unused
Fantastic. Thank you for the link. I hadn't seen this one. Amazing read.Here's a link the Metropolitan Transit Recess Commission doc: https://archive.org/details/reportofmetropol00mass_1/page/14/mode/2up. Clearly the transit and highway plans were made to complement each other to some degree.
In one of the disregarded alternatives, which was a double deck structure along Atlantic Avenue, they note that the recently removed structure had improved property values and that adding a new one would certainly depress property values.Fantastic. Thank you for the link. I hadn't seen this one. Amazing read.
Many of those unused left-lane exits were for this glut of never-built expressway connectors. Sission Ave. and Flatbush Ave. on I-84 and Whitehead Highway on I-91 in Hartford are three of the more infamous never-were connectors that were supposed to load-spread Interstate traffic around downtown.lots of left lane entrances and exits on the highways around hartford from the unbuilt sections, which are awful. but it did bring some interesting stuff like the 4 stack interchange with half of the ramps unused